People visit facial specialist Dr. M. Sean Freeman for rhinoplasty from Columbia and Greenville, SC and throughout the Southeast. If you are considering cosmetic rhinoplasty in his Charlotte, North Carolina, practice, you can benefit from learning more about the techniques he uses when performing this procedure.
Nose skin varies in thickness, from moderate at the top, to thin in the middle and thick toward the tip. This is important because, typically, the thicker a patient's skin, the thinner the underlying support cartilage, and therefore, the more aggressive the surgery required to create a satisfactory shape in the tip.
To learn more about rhinoplasty, request a consultation online or call Dr. Freeman's office at (704) 543-1110.
During rhinoplasty the cartilage that is typically adjusted to improve the shape of the nose is the upper lateral and the lower lateral cartilage. The shape of the lower lateral cartilage directly affects the shape of the nasal tip. The shape of the upper lateral cartilage influences the width of the supratip and allows for tip rotation.
The cartilage underneath the upper lateral and above the tip is part of the septum. Cosmetically, this portion of the septum is changed to allow for tip rotation and to decrease or increase the size or the nose above the tip. The nasal bones themselves are then brought into harmony with the rest of the nose with a tool called a rasp. Typically, the surgeon will make an incision to narrow the lateral base and bring the medial bones toward the midline.
Rhinoplasty is usually performed with incisions made inside the nose where they cannot be seen. This technique is called a closed rhinoplasty. With this approach, any swelling will resolve quickly after surgery.
For patients who need significant change in projection of the tip, however, open rhinoplasty is often performed. Open rhinoplasty requires an incision across the columella at the base of the nose between the nostrils. Because of its location under the nose, it generally heals without creating aesthetic concerns. This approach also affords the surgeon more visibility to the internal structure. The downside to this approach is that it tends to increase postoperative swelling.
This is generally a closed rhinoplasty procedure. A surgeon can improve the nasal tip by trimming a portion of the lower lateral cartilage and using a suturing technique to help refine the tip. The structures above the tip – the upper laterals, the superior edge of the septum and nasal bones – are then reshaped to bring them into harmony with the tip. Finally, the surgeon makes cuts at the lateral base of the nasal bones.
This type of rhinoplasty also is usually performed with a closed approach. The main difference from the above procedure lies in the treatment of the tip and the edge of the septum closest to the upper lip. The surgeon may also remove a small triangular portion of the lower lateral cartilage to rotate the tip slightly toward the forehead. If needed, an additional rectangular piece of cartilage placed behind the lower lateral cartilage may help support the tip. Moreover, the septum may be shortened toward the lip – again, to help provide tip rotation.
This procedure may require an external incision, depending on the degree and cause of the tip projection. Deprojecting the tip (bringing it closer to the face) may require removing a portion of the lower lateral cartilage around the tip area and re-creating the tip. The surgeon may also change the position of part of the septal cartilage, shortening it toward the lip.
One of the more difficult rhinoplasty procedures, this usually requires an open approach. Cartilage grafting, repositioning of the superior portion of the septum and changing the location of the nasal bones are all part of the equation.
Also known as alar rim surgery, this is a secondary procedure performed after primary rhinoplasty for two reasons: First, because it cannot be reversed, it requires complete precision. Second, no rhinoplasty surgeon can make an accurate prediction of the ultimate shape of the alar rims following a rhinoplasty. Any change in the size of the tip will change the shape of the alar rims. Dr. Freeman typically waits about 3 months after a primary rhinoplasty to decide, along with the patient, whether this second step should take place. About 1 in 10 patients will benefit from this step. The procedure takes place under local anesthetic. Post-op bruising is usually absent, and swelling is minimal. One of two procedures is used (or more commonly a combination of both): Weir excisions improve flaring of the nostril, and nasal sill incisions narrow the base of the nostril.
Having specialized in facial plastic surgery since 1988, Dr. Freeman often sees patients who complain about the size of their nose when the major problem is the size of their chin. A chin implant can greatly complement rhinoplasty. About 1 in 5 patients who have rhinoplasty should consider a chin implant to improve facial balance. Patient satisfaction with chin implants is high; thus far, only one of Dr. Freeman's patients has opted to have her chin implant removed. Dr. Freeman inserts a chin implant through a small, well-hidden incision under the chin.